Shaping Women’s Political Participation in Iran

Jun 11, 2019

The question

What factors are hindering women’s political participation in Iran?

Dr. Saeideh Shariati, a Rotary Peace Fellow, recently conducted a study “Influence Investigation of Iranian Women’s Political Participation from Their Economical and Social Base, ” which discusses the influence economical and social factors have on Iranian women’s involvement in political participation. It should come as no surprise that the study found that boosting the level of literacy and education among Iranian women in recent decades has increased the interest of women to participate in politics.

Dr. Shariati studied various socio-economic characteristics, including education, occupation, gender, age, religion, ethnicity and region of residence and how they impact political participation patterns in Iranian women.  She outlined the below characteristics of socio-economic and political participation:

LOWER PARTICIPATION RATE

  • Less education, especially secondary education or only primary
  • Working class or lower class women
  • Younger and aged
  • Single
  • Rural residents
  • Less social participation
  • Non-white
  • Ethnic minority

HIGHER PARTICIPATION RATE

  • Further education, especially higher education
  • Middle class
  • Men
  • Older
  • Married
  • Social participation and membership in groups organizations
  • White
  • Ethnic minority

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